The UK Fisheries Bill, due for introduction to Parliament in 2018, needs to have a strong overall vision, to make sure fishers are guaranteed a bright, sustainable future.
Sustain has written to MPs urging them to secure a better deal for the UK fishing industry. We believe this is well within the power of UK Government, regardless of the outcome of EU negotiations and trade deals.
The UK benefits from being able to sell some of its fish, here and abroad, as “sustainably sourced” an increasingly important assurance. But not all UK fish is considered sustainable, often for a remediable reason such as lack of data or management plan, so some UK fleets are missing out on good markets and an estimated £440 million in earnings.
Our vision: To help UK fishers secure good markets at home and abroad, in perpetuity: All fish from the UK should be verifiably sustainable by 2025, and marketed as such; either by meeting the Marine Stewardship Council standards or being considered ‘Fish to Eat’ by the Marine Conservation Society.
1. Improving fish stocks and marine ecosystems is vital. Essential elements of sustainable UK fisheries management include:
Sustain supports the marine conservation measures championed by Greener UK: www.greeneruk.org/resources/sustainable_fisheries_management.pdf
2. Maintaining and investing in measures to support the ban on discards
3. Tackling data deficiency, currently preventing many fisheries even being considered as a “sustainable source”; increasing data collection and requiring CCTV and location-tracking across all fishing boats.
4. Government has already announced an annual statement on the state of UK fish stocks which is very welcome, but it will be a thin document because many are data deficient. The statement should show how a fishery is progressing on a range of measures that determine sustainability, for example: stock, fishery impact on the seafloor and other species, management and adherence to laws.
5. Targeted funding, new quota allocation and support from public sector food procurement contracts.
This approach would allow the flexibility to trial new forms of fisheries management (for example ‘Days at Sea’) management, even removing catch limits for some species, because it focusses on the outcome of the activity on the ecosystem and stock.
We must go further that just protecting the status quo after Brexit – lots of UK fish stocks are not currently in good shape. If they were to be rebuilt and better managed, we could reap the rewards in increased landings, an additional £440 million in earnings, and 6,600 new jobs.
The European Maritime and Fisheries Fund, to which the UK currently contributes, must be replaced by a UK fund that can continue to support the transition of all fishing activity to a sustainable basis, including gear modification, data collection and the costs of sustainability certification.
The UK has the opportunity to come up with new ways to allocate fishing quota. This should reward smaller-scale and sustainable fishing, with very specific rewards for beneficial activities such as participation in fishery
improvement projects, implementation of vessel monitoring, observing the discard ban, sustainability certification and being part of Seafish’s Responsible Fishing Scheme.
Government should act as a leader and a responsible consumer, linking fishing policy with public health and boosting incomes for the UK fishing industry through its public-sector buying, by:
Standards must be legally-binding and enforced. At the moment they are often ignored, or it is not possible to find out if they are being met. In a recent study the Sustainable Fish Cities campaign found that only one of the contract caterers serving large Ministry of Defence contracts could confirm that they met the Government Buying Standards, whilst another found these same caterers serving red-rated fish. A Department of Health report, published in 2017 and confirmed by Sustain research in 2018, showed that only half of NHS hospitals were meeting even basic food standards.
Sustain’s analysis suggests that at the moment about 70% of the fish served by contract caterers in the UK is imported, even though we have suitable, sustainable sources closer to home including coley, whiting, herring, mackerel and trout. Clear, universal and predictable standards would incentivise suppliers and other supply chain companies to produce compliant products, confident that they have a ready market for their goods. In our experience, companies producing food meeting legally binding school food standards have also found new markets elsewhere.
Sustainable Fish Cities
Sustainable Fish Cities: A campaign to protect precious marine environments and fishing livelihoods, and call for fish to be bought from sustainable sources. We want to show what can be done if people and organisations make a concerted effort to change their buying habits.
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