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How Sustainable Agriculture Can Address the Environmental and Human Health Harms of Industrial Agriculture

The industrial agriculture system consumes fossil fuel, water, and topsoil at unsustainable rates. It contributes to numerous forms of environmental degradation, including air and water pollution, soil depletion, diminishing biodiversity, and fish die-offs. Meat production contributes disproportionately to these problems, in part because feeding grain to livestock to produce meat—instead of feeding it directly to humans—involves a large energy loss, making animal agriculture more resource intensive than other forms of food production. In this article the environmental and human health problems associated with current food production practices, are outlined and it is discussed how these systems could be made more sustainable.

Publisher: Environmental Health Perspectives, Volume110, Number 5, May 2002

Author: Leo Horrigan, Robert S. Lawrence, and Polly Walker

Link: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1240832/pdf/ehp0110-000445.pdf

Category: Health Environment

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City Harvest: The City Harvest website collects information on the wide range of benefits associated with urban agriculture, aiming to strengthen the movement in the UK and across the globe.

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