Developing Understanding
2. What is a balanced diet?


PSHE: 3a
Science: Sc2: 2a, 2b

You will need:
Activity worksheet 1: blank 'Balance of Good Health' plate,
Pictures or samples of foods from each food group.

Give the children a copy of the blank Balance of Good Health plate (activity worksheet 1). Explain that this diagram is used to show the balance of foods that are needed to make up a healthy diet. In order to eat a healthy diet a person needs to eat foods belonging to each of the different sectors of the plate and to eat the right balance of these foods. Each sector is a different size showing the proportion of foods from each food group that should be eaten for a healthy diet. Bread, other cereals and potatoes: 34%, fruit and vegetables: 33%, milk and dairy foods: 15%. meat, fish and alternatives: 12%, fatty and sugary foods: 7%.

Ask the children questions about the diagram;

  • Why are some sectors larger than others? Because you should eat more of the foods belonging
    in these sectors than foods belonging in the smaller sectors.
  • Which are the biggest sectors? Fruit and vegetables and bread, other cereals and potatoes.
  • Which is the smallest sector? Fatty and sugary foods.
  • Estimate what fraction/percentage of the plate is taken by fruit and vegetables/ bread, other
    cereals and potatoes? approximately 1/3 or 33% each.

Ask the children to work with a partner to write examples of foods that could go in each segment of the plate. Some children might find it easier to tackle this part of the activity using pictures or real objects.


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